partial pulpotomy for permanent teeth with carious pulp exposure
Posted on 09.08.2012 08:16 PM By Antonis Chaniotis In Endodontics
10 years old boy with cariously exposed pulp. The treatment of choice is MTA partial pulpotomy with high success rates. 8 months follow up the pulp is still vital and apexogenesis is in progress.
Vital permanent teeth with cariously exposed pulp can be treated successfully with vital pulp therapy.
Vital Pulp Therapy in Vital Permanent Teeth with Cariously Exposed Pulp: A Systematic Review
Panuroot Aguilar, MSc, DDS, and Pairoj Linsuwanont, DDS, MDSc, PhD
Introduction: This systematic review aims to illustrate the outcome of vital pulp therapy, namely direct pulp capping, partial pulpotomy, and full pulpotomy, in vital permanent teeth with cariously exposed pulp. Methods: Electronic database MEDLINE via Ovid, PubMed, and Cochrane databases were searched. Hand searching was performed through reference lists of endodontic textbooks, endodontic-related journals, and relevant articles from electronic searching. The random effect method of weighted pooled success rate of each treat- ment and the 95% confidence interval were calculated by the DerSimonian-Laird method. The weighted pooled success rate of each treatment was estimated in 4 groups: >6 months–1 year, >1–2 years, >2–3 years, and >3 years. All statistics were performed by STATA version 10. The indirect comparison of success rates for 4 follow-up periods and the indirect comparison of clinical factors influencing the success rate of each treat- ment were performed by z test for proportion (P < .05). Results: Overall, the success rate was in the range of 72.9%–99.4%. The fluctuation of the success rate of direct pulp capping was observed (>6 months–1 year, 87.5%; >1–2 years, 95.4%; >2–3 years, 87.7%; and >3 years, 72.9%). Partial pulpotomy and full pulpotomy sustained a high success rate up to more than 3 years (partial pulpotomy: >6 months–1 year, 97.6%; >1–2 years, 97.5%; >2–3 years, 97.6%; and >3 years, 99.4%; full pulpotomy: >6 months–1 year, 94%; >1–2 years, 94.9%; >2–3 years, 96.9%; and >3 years, 99.3%). Conclusions: Vital permanent teeth with cari- ously exposed pulp can be treated successfully with vital pulp therapy. Current best evidence provides inconclu- sive information regarding factors influencing treatment outcome, and this emphasizes the need for further observational studies of high quality. (J Endod 2011;37:581–587)