Fixed restoration of the upper anterior jaw

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Posted on By David Baranes In Bone Grafting

50 year old female patient presents for a fixed restoration of the upper anterior jaw. During the examination it was decided to stage the treatment. First, the failing central incisors will be extracted. The narrow ridge in the area of the lateral will be prepared with decortication and augmentation using Bond Apatite. Since this is the esthetic zone, the preservation of the interdental papillae is important. Due to the presence of bony walls at the extraction sites, the flap is supported by stretching without any releasing incisions. To maintain the soft tissue architecture around the sockets, and to protect the exposed bond apatite at the crestal portion of the socket for the next 7-10 days a collagen plug or sponge is placed and secured with stabilizing sutures above the graft. On the other hand, a zone without supporting bony walls ( of at least 2 walls), must have maximal closure. An incision line opening of up to 3mm is acceptable but not more than that.

During the healing period, the patient had a provisional fixed partial denture. Ten days post op, the surgical healing is terrific and the papillae are preserved. Three months post op, the bone healing and augmentation is evident, in concert with papillae preservation. The soft tissue gap in the lateral area is noted due to patient induced trauma using tooth picks. The patient is to be instructed not to use these rigid implements during the healing phase.




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